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Own property in The Philippines

How to pay taxes in the Philippines: A full guide

how to pay taxes in the Philippines

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Paying taxes in the Philippines is a civic duty that supports the government’s efforts to provide essential services and develop infrastructures for its people. The tax payment process can be difficult in the Philippines, especially for first-timers and those unfamiliar with the tax system. Understanding the tax payment system is crucial in fulfilling obligations while ensuring that foreigners do not miss out on possible benefits or deductions they are entitled to. In this article, we will discuss how to pay taxes in the Philippines.

Different types of taxes in the Philippines

Paying taxes in the Philippines includes a wide range of assets and activities divided into national, local, and special categories. Below are the different types of taxes in the Philippines.

National taxes

National taxes are collected by the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) and are applicable across the Philippines. Here are the various national taxes each citizen and business may encounter:

  • Capital Gains Tax: Imposed to settle taxes in the Philippines on the profit from the sale or transfer of capital assets.
  • Documentary Stamp Tax (DST): Imposed on documents evidencing transactions like sales or transfers of property.
  • Donor’s tax: Applied to donations or gifts, where both donor and donee are still alive.
  • Estate tax: Charged on a deceased person’s estate before distribution to their heirs.
  • Excise tax: A tax on certain goods produced or sold within the Philippines.
  • Income tax: Tax on the income or profit earned by individuals or businesses.
  • Percentage tax: For entities not registered under VAT whose sales or receipts are below a certain threshold.
  • Value-Added Tax (VAT): A consumption tax added to the price of goods and services.
  • Withholding tax: Collected at the source of income as a measure against tax evasion.

Local taxes

Local taxes are fees imposed by Local Government Units (LGUs) to fund local initiatives. These can include:

  • Real property tax: Applied to settle taxes in the Philippines to the value of immovable properties like land and buildings.
  • Business of printing and publication tax: Specific to businesses in the printing and publishing industry.
  • Franchise tax: For businesses operating under a franchise agreement.
  • Sand, gravel, and other quarry resources tax: Imposed on natural resources extracted from local areas.
  • Professional tax: Imposed on licensed professionals practicing their respective professions.
  • Amusement tax: Charged on places of entertainment like cinemas or sports venues.
  • Annual fixed tax for delivery trucks and vans: A set fee for delivery vehicles operating within a province.
  • Local business tax: Imposed to settle taxes in the Philippines on various business types within a city or municipality’s domain.
  • Barangay tax: For small-scale retailers matching specified annual sales figures.
  • Community tax: Paid by individuals and corporations within the boundaries of a locality.

Special taxes

Special taxes are targeted charges for specific circumstances or goods:

  • Motor Vehicle User’s Charge (MVUC): An annual charge imposed to settle taxes in the Philippines for vehicle registration.
  • Travel tax: Payable by those leaving the Philippines, subject to certain conditions.
  • Head tax: For certain foreigners applying for re-entry permits into the Philippines.
  • Charges on forest products: Taxes related to the exploitation of the country’s forest resources.
  • Energy consumption tax: For residential electricity consumption above a specified level.

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How to file taxes in the Philippines in 7 steps

Fulfilling your tax obligations is essential for supporting national development through public infrastructure and services. Here are seven steps on how to file taxes in the Philippines:

Step 1: Determine your taxpayer classification

Identify what kind of taxpayer you are under the BIR’s categories, such as an employee, independent contractor, business owner, or member of a cooperative or Non-Governmental Organization (NGO). Each has its own set of rules and deadlines for paying taxes in the Philippines.

Step 2: Obtain a TIN from the BIR

A Tax Identification Number (TIN) is mandatory to settle taxes in the Philippines. While employees usually have this arranged by their employer, independent earners must register at their local BIR branch.

Step 3: Understand tax obligations

It is vital to be aware of the taxes that apply to you. Employers already withhold taxes from employees, but other individuals and entities must consider income tax and VAT, among other things.

Step 4: File tax returns

File your tax returns on time, ensuring all information about your income and deductions is correct. The BIR’s online systems, which are the Electronic Filing and Payment System (eFPS) and Electronic Bureau of Internal Revenue Forms (eBIRForms), are helpful for foreigners who need to pay taxes in the Philippines.

Step 5: Pay outstanding taxes

After you’ve filed, promptly pay any remaining tax balance. Payments are accepted through designated banks,eFPS, eBIRForms, or directly at BIR offices to prevent penalties.

Step 6: Organize financial documents

Having an orderly system for your financial records is crucial for tax purposes and keeping track of your finances. Digital record-keeping is advantageous for ease and safety.

Step 7: Consult tax professionals 

Hiring the expertise of tax professionals or accountants is a good choice for those who find tax laws difficult. Own Property Abroad can also provide tailored advice and make the process manageable.

Where to pay taxes in the Philippines?

Being aware of these payment options helps streamline the tax payment process in the Philippines. Here is where to pay taxes in the Philippines:

  • Revenue District Offices (RDOs): Each taxpayer in the Philippines is linked to a local RDO, which offers tax payment services, including registrations and issuing tax clearance certificates, tailored to their location.
  • Local banking institutions: Payments can also be made through Authorized Agent Banks (AABs). These banks collaborate with the BIR and are connected to specific RDOs, requiring properly completed tax forms.
  • Electronic Filing and Payment System (eFPS): For certain taxpayers, specifically large ones, the eFPS facilitates digital tax filing and payment, and optimizing tax management processes.
  • Electronic Bureau of Internal Revenue Forms (eBIRForms): The eBIRForms platform allows taxpayers to pay taxes in the Philippines online and provides options for electronic payment through designated channels.

When to pay taxes in the Philippines?

Enterprises and individual taxpayers in the Philippines must comprehend the tax payment deadline to ensure compliance and avoid fines. The 15th day of April following the end of the taxable year is the deadline set by the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) for filing a final annual income tax return. Taxpayers will have sufficient time to pay taxes in the Philippines, gather necessary documentation, accurately calculate their taxes, and receive assistance under this approach. Being prepared and aware of this day will help make the filing process straightforward and guarantee that tax obligations are met on schedule.

How Own Property Abroad can help

At Own Property Abroad, we simplify the complex tax procedures for foreigners in the Philippines, ensuring a clear and hassle-free experience. Our dedicated team specializes in offering personalized assistance and navigating the difficulties of local tax laws for property owners and business operators from abroad. We inform you about the latest tax obligations, ranging from property to income, ensuring easy compliance. Own Property Abroad is your trusted partner for foreigners who want to pay taxes in the Philippines with utmost confidence and minimal stress.

For more information on how we can assist you, please leave your details below or email us at [email protected].

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Leave your name and email below – Our tax agent will reach out to answer questions and assist you with taxes in the Philippines.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How to pay taxes as a freelancer in the Philippines?

To pay taxes as a freelancer in the Philippines, you can pay electronically using the eFPS Payment Form, Electronic Bureau of Internal Revenue Forms (eBIRForms), visit an Authorized Agent Bank (AAB) to pay in person, or at the Revenue District Office where you are registered.

Can I pay tax in the Philippines from abroad?

Yes, you can pay taxes in the Philippines from abroad as resident citizens and domestic corporations are taxed on worldwide income, though it may involve dealing with international double taxation.

How to pay taxes on cryptocurrency in the Philippines?

To pay taxes on cryptocurrency in the Philippines, you must pay a Capital Gains Tax of up to 15 percent on profits from selling, exchanging, or purchasing cryptocurrencies.

How to pay taxes online in the Philippines?

To pay taxes online in the Philippines, you can use the Electronic Filing and Payment System (eFPS) or other accredited online payment platforms offered by the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) and partner banks.

Your guide to buying property in the Philippines

Written by Therese Angeles

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