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A comprehensive guide on all property taxes in Portugal

property taxes in portugal
Table of Contents

There are different property taxes in Portugal that property owners should be aware of. Investing in real estate can be a rewarding venture, and Portugal is an attractive destination for property buyers worldwide. However, like any investment, understanding the tax implications is essential to ensure long-term financial success. This complete tax guide delves into Portugal’s intricate world of property taxes. Whether you’re a first-time buyer, a seasoned investor, or simply curious about the Portuguese tax system, this article helps to clearly understand the tax obligations associated with property ownership in Portugal.

Annual property taxes in Portugal

1. Immovable property tax (IMI)

In Portugal, property owners are subject to an annual tax known as IMI (Imposto Municipal sobre Imoveis), which applies to residential and commercial properties. 

You calculate the IMI by basing it on the property’s fiscal value and multiplying it by the tax rate. This tax is at a municipal level, meaning the property valuation can vary depending on the specific municipality. 

Property typeTax rate
Rural property0.8%
Urban property0.3% – 0.45%
Property acquired by companies in a blacklisted jurisdiction7.5%
Source: PWC Portugal

You can determine whether your country belongs to those in the blacklisted jurisdiction by clicking this link

2. Wealth tax (AIMI)

Once your properties reach more than €600,000 ($644,400), you must pay a wealth tax known as Adicional Imposto Municipal Sobre Imoveies (AIMI). Individuals pay at a rate of 0.7%, while companies pay at 0.4%. You impose these tax rates on the total amount of the properties. But once you reach more than €1 million ($1.07 million), the IMI tax rate increases to 1%.

When do you pay the IMI and AIMI?

The municipality issues the bill in March, and you must pay on the specified deadline to avoid penalties for late payment. Payment dates may vary based on the total amount, and you can pay via installment:

  • Amount lower or equal to €100 ($107): One installment in May;
  • Amount from €100 ($107) to €500 ($537): Two installments in May and November;
  • Amount over €500 ($537): Three installments in May, August, and November.

Rental income taxes in Portugal

Rental income taxes vary depending on the rental duration as well as the residency status of the owner

1. Individuals

In general, non-residents must pay a fixed tax rate of 28% on their rental income, whether the furnishing of accommodation is short-term or long-term. On the other hand, the rental income of residents will form part of their annual income, the total of which is taxable based on the following progressive scale.

Total incomeTax rate
Up to €7,479 ($8,032)14.5%
€7,480 ($8,034) to €11,284 ($12,119)23%
€11,285 ($12,120) to €15,992 ($17,175)26.5%
€15,993 ($17,176) to €20,700 ($22,232)28.5%
€20,701 ($22,233) to €26,355 ($28,305)35%
€26,356 ($28,306) to €38,632 ($41,491)37%
€38,633 ($41,492) to €50,483 ($54,219)43.5%
€50,484 ($54,220) to €78,834 ($84,668)45%
€78,835 ($84,669) and more48%
Source: PWC Portugal

Nevertheless, residents furnishing more than one month of accommodation can pay the flat rate of 28% or include it in the computation for their total income tax.

2. Corporations

Resident companies are required to include rental income in their overall revenue and are subject to a corporate income tax rate of 21%. Conversely, non-resident companies are taxable at 25% for rental income.

When to pay rental income tax? 

Residents who opt to pay to include their rental profits in their total income must file their tax returns by June 30 and should have paid it already by August 31. Corporations must file their returns on the last day of May and deliver them in three installments, due in July, September, and by December 15.

Taxes on the transfer of property

1. Transfer tax imposed on the buyer

In Portugal, the IMT (Imposto Municipal sobre Transmissões Onerosas de Imóveis) typically applies to the transfer of real estate based on either the transfer price stated in the deed or the taxable value of the property for real estate tax (IMI) purposes, whichever is higher. The buyer is responsible for paying the IMT, and the tax rates vary depending on the property type.

Property typeTax rate
Rural property5%
Urban property6.5%
Property acquired by companies in a blacklisted jurisdiction10%
Source: PWC Portugal

When to pay IMT tax?

The buyer must submit the IMT assessment form to the local tax office and pay on the same day of submission or the following business day. The payment must be within the next month if the transfer is through a deed executed in a foreign country.

2. Stamp Duty

In addition to the property taxes in Portugal, a Stamp Duty (Imposto de Selo) of 0.8% is imposed on the acquisition of real estate, calculated based on the property’s taxable value for IMT purposes.

3. Capital gains tax imposed on the seller

The government imposes a capital gains tax on the profit generated from selling a property, which individuals can calculate by subtracting the acquisition costs from the sale price.

If you are a tax resident in Portugal, only 50% of the profit obtained is subject to taxation. This amount will form part of your annual income and be taxable at the applicable progressive rates. For non-residents, whether individuals or a company, the entire amount is taxable at a fixed rate of 28%. Companies whose residence is on the blacklisted list are liable at a rate of 35%. 

Residents of another EU country with a bilateral tax treaty with Portugal enjoy the option to avail of the tax laws applicable to Portuguese residents. However, it is crucial to note that, in this scenario, you must declare your worldwide income in Portugal. This option is particularly advantageous for individuals with lower incomes, as residents receive a 50% reduction in the taxation of their profits.

Type of tax residentTax rate
Portuguese tax resident50% of the profit is taxed as annual income
Non-residents28% of the entire income
Blacklisted-companies35% of the entire income
Source: PWC Portugal

Manage property taxes in Portugal with Own Property Abroad

Do you want to buy property in Portugal? Own Property Abroad can assist you and ensure a seamless and hassle-free property journey, whether selling or buying real estate in Portugal. Thanks to our knowledge and experience in the local market, we can help with property taxes, legal requirements, finding suitable properties, negotiating the best deals, and conducting due diligence.

Our team can assist you in understanding which property taxes to pay, preparing tax reports, filing tax returns, and ensuring timely payment of all property taxes. For further information on how we can assist you, kindly drop your details below or email us at

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is property tax called in Portugal?

The property tax in Portugal is known as Imposto Municipal sobre Imóveis (IMI). The IMI is a local tax imposed on the ownership of properties in Portugal, and its rates vary depending on factors such as property value, location, and type of property.

How much is property tax in Portugal yearly?

The IMI, calculated yearly, ranges between 0.3% and 0.8% depending on the property type. The rate is multiplied by the property valuation.

Can foreigners own property in Portugal?

Yes, foreigners are allowed to own property in Portugal. No restrictions on property ownership based on nationality make it accessible for foreigners to own real estate in the country subject to specific requirements.

Written by Matt Timmermans

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