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Taxes on buying property in Portugal

buying property in portugal
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Investing in foreign real estate can be exciting, especially with Portugal’s picturesque landscape and favorable incentives for foreigners. However, knowing the taxes on buying property in Portugal is essential. This article aims to provide an overview of taxes on buying property or land in Portugal to help mitigate any risk and inform you about government regulations.

What are the taxes on buying property in Portugal?

Buyers should be aware of the following taxes when buying property in Portugal:

  • Transfer tax (IMT)
  • Stamp Duty
  • Immovable property tax (IMI)
  • Wealth tax (AIMI)

Transfer tax (IMT)

In Portugal, the transfer of real estate is typically subject to the IMT (Imposto Municipal sobre Transmissões Onerosas de Imóveis), based on either the transfer price mentioned in the deed or the taxable value of the property for real estate tax (IMI) purposes, whichever is higher. 

It is the buyer who pays the IMT. The rates vary depending on the type of property.

Property typeTax rate
Rural property5%
Urban property6.5%
Property acquired by companies in a blacklisted jurisdiction10%
Source: PWC Portugal

Check here to see countries considered as blacklisted jurisdictions. In cases where the property is exclusive for residential use, the rate increases as the taxable value of the property increases. It can go for as low as 1% and as high as 8%, depending on whether it is for primary or secondary use. 

When to pay the transfer tax in Portugal?

The buyer must submit the IMT assessment form to the local tax office. You should pay on the same day of submission or the next business day. You must pay within the next month if the transfer is through a deed executed in a foreign country.

Stamp Duty

A Stamp Duty (Imposto de Selo) of 0.8% is also imposed on acquiring real estate, calculated based on the property’s taxable value for IMT purposes.

Immovable property tax (IMI)

Be careful to avoid being confused with IMI and IMT. While IMT refers to the transfer tax made when you buy a property, IMI (Imposto Municipal sobre Imóveis) is an annual tax for owning property in Portugal. 

The IMI is based on the registered tax value of the property and is paid to the local municipal councils by the property owner, so if you buy real estate in Portugal, you have to take note of this. 

Property typeTax rate
Rural property0.8%
Urban property0.3% – 0.45%
Property acquired by companies in a blacklisted jurisdiction7.5%
Source: PWC Portugal

Wealth tax (AIMI)

If your properties in Portugal are worth over €600,000 ($644,400), you are liable for wealth tax (Adicional Imposto Municipal Sobre Imoveis). For properties owned by companies, the applicable rate is 0.4% based on the total value of the properties held. On the other hand, the rate is 0.7% for individuals who own properties. However, if an individual owns a property valued at more than €1 million ($1.07 million), the IMI tax rate increases to 1%.

Manage property taxes in Portugal with Own Property Abroad

Do you want to buy property in Portugal? Own Property Abroad can assist you and ensure a seamless and hassle-free property journey, whether selling or buying real estate in Portugal. Thanks to our knowledge and experience in the local market, we can help with property taxes, legal requirements, finding suitable properties, negotiating the best deals, and conducting due diligence.

Our team can assist you in understanding which property taxes to pay, preparing tax reports, filing tax returns, and ensuring timely payment of all property taxes. For further information on how we can assist you, kindly drop your details below or email us at

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are the taxes on real estate in Portugal?

The taxes on real estate in Portugal include the IMT and IMI. The IMT is a one-time tax paid on the transfer of property ownership, while IMI is an annual tax paid on owning a property. 

How much tax do you pay when buying property in Portugal?

The IMT is a tax paid when purchasing a property. It is 5% if the property is rural, 6.5% if urban, and 10% regardless of the property type if the company acquiring is in the blacklisted jurisdiction list.

Do foreign residents pay taxes in Portugal?

It depends on specific circumstances. Foreigners not classified as tax residents are only liable for income tax for income sourced in Portugal. However, foreigners are still responsible for payment of real estate taxes once they acquire property in the country.

Written by Matt Timmermans

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