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Own property in The Philippines

Purchase agreement in the Philippines: Sample and getting legal assistance

real estate purchase agreement in the philippines

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Buying or selling real estate in the Philippines can be an exciting venture but also poses challenges. This is primarily due to the complexities in navigating through the legalities of real estate transactions in the country. To close a sale, both parties are required to sign a real estate sales and purchase agreement in the Philippines. We will provide you with essential information about this purchase contract and even offer a sample sales agreement. Additionally, we can assist you with legal guidance in drafting a purchase agreement or reviewing a real estate sales contract.

What is a real estate purchase agreement in the Philippines?

A real estate purchase agreement in the Philippines is a legally binding document that outlines the terms and conditions for buying or selling a property. This contract of sale serves as a roadmap for the transaction, detailing the rights, responsibilities, and obligations of both the buyer and seller.

Types of real estate purchase contracts

In the Philippines, the real estate purchase process typically involves several types of contracts:

  1. Letter of Intent/Memorandum of Agreement: The Letter of Intent/Memorandum of Agreement serves as an initial document that sets the foundation for the transaction. It grants the buyer an exclusivity period to perform due diligence. While it outlines the basic terms of the sale, it is generally non-binding, except for the exclusivity clause.
  2. Sale and Purchase Agreement: The Sale and Purchase Agreement is a comprehensive document that formalizes the agreement between the buyer and seller. It includes detailed property descriptions, payment schedules, conditions for pre-closing, closing, and post-closing. Additionally, it incorporates representations and warranties from both parties to ensure transparency and legal protection.
  3. Deed of Sale: As the final step in the transaction, the Deed of Sale is an official document that legally transfers property ownership from the seller to the buyer. It is a simplified document that references and incorporates detailed terms from the Sale and Purchase Agreement.

Is a sales and purchase contract mandatory?

Yes, signing a sales and purchase contract is mandatory for all real estate transactions in the Philippines. Buying or selling property without this legally binding purchase agreement between both parties is impossible. The contract ensures that both buyer and seller adhere to their agreed-upon responsibilities and obligations while protecting their interests during the transfer of ownership.

When do I need a property sales agreement?

A property sales agreement is essential when engaging in various types of real estate transactions in the Philippines, particularly for foreign investors or buyers. Here are some scenarios where you need a purchase agreement in the Philippines:

  1. Buying freehold property or land through a company: Foreigners are generally restricted from owning land directly; however, they can establish and own a company that has the legal right to own land. In such cases, a land purchase agreement or property sales contract is necessary to document the sale of land to the company, ensuring compliance with legal requirements and protecting all parties’ interests.
  2. Purchasing a freehold condominium: Foreign nationals can purchase condominium units, provided that foreign ownership in a single project does not exceed 40%. When buying a freehold condo, a property sales agreement is required to formalize the transaction. This agreement outlines payment schedules, property details, and the rights and obligations of both parties.
  3. Engaging in leasehold agreements: Although direct land ownership may not be possible for foreigners, they can enter into leasehold agreements. In the Philippines, foreigners can lease land for up to 50 years with an option to renew for another 25 years. A property sales agreement in this context would detail the lease terms, including duration, payments, and conditions governing the lease.

In each case, the property purchase agreement in the Philippines serves as a legally binding document that ensures compliance with Philippine real estate laws and regulations. It provides a clear framework for the transaction while offering security and clarity to both buyers and sellers.

Sample of a purchase agreement in the Philippines

A typical real estate purchase agreement in the Philippines includes:

  • Identification of parties: The names and details of the buyer and seller.
  • Property description: A detailed description of the property being sold.
  • Purchase price and payment terms: The agreed-upon price and schedule of payments.
  • Representations and warranties: Legal assurances about the property and the parties’ rights.
  • Conditions precedent to closing: Requirements that must be met before the final sale.
  • Closing and possession dates: When the sale will be finalized and when the buyer will take possession.
  • Signatures: Legal signatures of both parties and witnesses.

You can download a free sample of a real estate purchase agreement in the Philippines by clicking on the button below.

Do I need legal assistance for a real estate purchase agreement in the Philippines?

While it is possible to draft a simple purchase agreement or use a free sales agreement sample found online, it is not ideal. It’s recommended to seek the services of a legal expert who can provide assistance.

Real estate transactions involve significant financial investments and complex legal documentation. Buying or selling property in the Philippines can be challenging for foreigners, especially due to unfamiliarity with local rules and regulations. A lawyer or legal assistant can draft a purchase agreement or review the sales and purchase agreement drafted by the other party, ensuring that your rights are protected throughout the entire transaction.

Get help with drafting or reviewing a real estate agreement in the Philippines

Own Property Abroad can assist you with drafting or reviewing a purchase agreement in the Philippines. Thanks to our extensive knowledge and experience in the local market, we can help with legal requirements, due diligence, closing deals, or other real estate matters in the Philippines.

With our expert legal team, you don’t have to navigate the complexities of the real estate market alone. For further information on how we can help you, kindly drop your details below or email us at hello@ownpropertyabroad.com.

Talk with our legal agent for a sales contract

Leave your name and email below – Our legal agent will contact you to assist you with drafting or reviewing a purchase agreement in the Philippines.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can foreigners buy property in the Philippines?

Foreigners can buy property in the Philippines, but there are certain restrictions. Foreign nationals can purchase condominium units and buildings if their ownership does not exceed 40% of a single project. However, direct land ownership by foreigners is generally prohibited. They may lease land for up to 50 years with an option to renew for another 25 years or own a home or building on leased land.

Can I cancel a condo purchase agreement in the Philippines?

You can cancel a condo purchase agreement in the Philippines under specific conditions. The Maceda Law (Republic Act 6552) protects buyers making installments for real estate purchases. If you have paid at least two years’ worth of installments, you are entitled to a grace period to catch up on payments. After this grace period, if you choose to cancel, you can receive a refund of up to 50% of total payments made, plus an additional 5% refund for each year of payment beyond two years.

Is a notary mandatory when buying property in the Philippines?

Notarization is mandatory when buying property in the Philippines. The Deed of Absolute Sale used for transferring property ownership must be notarized to be considered valid and effective. Notarization is required to register the document with the Registry of Deeds, which is necessary to transfer the title to the buyer’s name.

Do I need a lawyer to draft a property purchase agreement?

While it is not legally required to have a lawyer draft a property purchase agreement in the Philippines, it is highly recommended. Real estate transactions involve complex legal details and significant financial implications. A lawyer can ensure that the deal is legally sound, the terms are clear, and your rights and interests are adequately protected.

Written by Matt Timmermans

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